Prediction of Rutting Formation in Asphalt Concrete Pavement

Viktors Haritonovs, Juris Smirnovs, Juris Naudžuns


Asphalt pavement in actual circumstances is subjected to the repetitive and changing transport load. As a result of the repetitive load impact, both elastic and plastic deformations occur to the pavement. Accumulation of plastic deformations in one or several layers leads to appearance of permanent deformations or rutting. This type of deformations reduces safety and convenience of traffic. Aim of the research is investigation of the rutting dynamics on the dense graded asphalt concrete (AC) and stone mastic asphalt (SMA) mixtures. The research has been made by using the standard performance test method – wheel tracking test (WTT). Five compositions of the dense graded AC mixture and two compositions of the SMA with the conventional aggregate and one reference mixture AC 11 with the Martin steel slag aggregate have been used in the experiment. The B70/100 unmodified bitumen and SBS modified ModBit 80B has been used for the investigated mixtures. The results have shown poor strain stability of the conventional mixtures with unmodified bitumen under the heavy transport load, in comparison with the reference mixture AC 11 and SMA with modified bitumen. The results of investigating the rutting dynamics under the intensive heavy transport load have shown that the allowed rut depth 25 mm is reached already during the first year of the asphalt pavement exploitation.


asphalt concrete (AC); modified bitumen; permanent deformation; rutting; wheel tracking test (WTT); equivalent single-axle load

Full Text:



Blab, R.; Kappl, K.; Lackner, R. 2004. Models for Permanent Deformation for Bituminous Bound Materials in Flexible Pavement. Report No. SMA-05-DE11. 154 p.

Erkens, S. 2002. Asphalt Concrete Response (Acre: Determination, Modelling & Prediction). Delft: Delft University Press Science. 220 p. ISBN 9040723265

Haritonovs, V.; Naudžuns, J.; Smirnovs, J. 2005. Ceļa segu risu veidošanās cēloņu noteikšana [Determining the Reasons for Formation of Pavement Rutting], in Proc of the Civil Engineering International Scientific Conference. May, 26–27, 2005, Jelgava, Latvia. LLU: 52–58.

Mačiulaitis, R.; Vaičienė, M.; Žurauskienė, R. 2009. The Effect of Concrete Composition and Aggregates Properties on Performance of Concrete, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 15(3): 317–324. doi:10.3846/1392-3730.2009.15.317-324

Park, D.-W.; Martin A. E; Jeong J.-H.; Lee, S.-T. 2008. Effects of Tire Inflation Pressure and Load on Predicted Pavement Strains, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 3(4): 181–186. doi:10.3846/1822-427X.2008.3.181-186

Park, S. W. 2007. Effect of Stress-Dependent Modulus and Poisson’s Ratio on Rutting Prediction in Unbound Pavement Foundations, Journal of Korean Geotechnical Society 23(3): 15–24.

Sivapatham, P.; Beckedahl, H. J. 2005. Asphalt Pavements with Innovative Polymer Modifications for Long Life Time and Low Maintenance Costs, in Proc of the 33rd CSCE Annual Conference (6th Transportation Specialty Conference). June 2–4, 2005, Toronto, Canada. Curran Associates, 198: 1–9.

Sivilevičius, H.; Šukevičius, Š. 2007. Dynamics of Vehicle Loads on the Asphalt Pavement of European Roads which Cross Lithuania, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 2(4): 147–154.

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2010.05


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2010 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika