Determination of Residual Welding Stresses in Load Bearing Structures Made of Welded Hollow Sections

Antanas Žiliukas, Andrius Surantas


This paper presents methodology for determining residual stresses originated from welding process in load bearing bridge steel structures made of square profile tubes. Simulated welding process was performed together with the selected welding sequences and due to significant thermal effect on the welding area residual stresses inside the butt weld area and around it were evaluated. The developed finite element (FE) model allows determining residual stresses of welding in any type of hollow sections butt welds.


bridge steel structures; hollow sections; welding; welded joints; stress; strain; finite elements (FE); residual stress

Full Text:



Cheng, W.; Finnie, I. 1986. Measurement of Residual Hoop Stresses in Cylinders Using the Compliance Method, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology 108(2): 87–92. doi:10.1115/1.3225864

Grigorjeva, T.; Juozapaitis, A.; Kamaitis, Z.; Paeglitis, A. 2008. Finite Element Modeling for Static Behavior Analysis of Suspension Bridges with Varying Rigidity of Main Cables, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 3(3): 121–128. doi:10.3846/1822-427X.2008.3.121-128

Jang, G. B.; Kim, H. K.; Kang, S. S. 2001. Effect of Root Opening on Mechanical Properties, Deformation and Residual Stress of Weldments, Welding Journal 80(3): 80–89.

Kiselev, S. N.; Kiselev, A. S.; Kurkin, A.; Aladinskii, V. V.; Makhenko, V. O. 1999. Current Aspects of Computer Modelling Thermal and Deformation Stresses and Structure Formation in Welding and Related Technologies, Welding International 13(4): 314-322. doi:10.1080/09507119909447387

Makhenko, V. I.; Pochynok, V. E. 2006. Strength Calculation of Welded Joints with Crack-Like Imperfections. Kiev: E. O. Paton Electric Welding Institute. 266 p. ISBN 966-8872-02-9.

Медведев, С. В. 2001. Компьютерное моделирование остаточных сварочных деформаций при технологическом проектировании сварочных конструкций [Medvedev, S. V. Computer modeling of residual welding deformations beside technological designing of welding constructions], Сварочное производство [Welding production] 8: 10–17.

Outinen, J.; Kaitila, O.; Mäkeläinen, P. 2001. High- temperature Testing of Structural Steel and Modelling of Structures at Fire Temperatures. Research Report. Helsinki University of Technology.

Teng, T.-L.; Fung, Ch.-P.; Chang, P.-H. 2002. Effect of Weld Geometry and Residual Stresses of Fatique in Butt-welded Joints, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 79 (1): 467–482. doi:10.1016/S0308-0161(02)00060-1

Wimpory, R. C.; May, P. S.; O’Dowd, N. P.; Webster, G. A.; Smith, D. J.; Kingston, E. 2003. Measurement of Residual Stresses in T-Plate Weldments, Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design 38(4): 349–365. doi:10.1243/03093240360692931

Ziari, H.; Keymanesh, M.-R.; Khabiri, M. M. 2007. Finite–Element Modelling of Crack Sealant Flexible Pavement, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 2(2): 89–93.

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2010.08


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2010 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika