Prioritizing Constructing Projects of Municipalities Based on AHP and COPRAS-G: a Case Study About Footbridges in Iran

Mohammad Hasan Aghdaie, Sarfaraz Hashemkhani Zolfani, Edmundas Kazimieras Zavadskas


Each municipality has a certain budget for constructing, maintaining and repairing every year. Prioritizing projects is one of the difficult issues of decision making and takes time for evaluating and programming. The main aim of this study is to make a framework for municipalities to prioritize their projects based on this framework and for this a footbridge project of Sari City in Iran was selected as a case study for this research to show prioritizing of boulevards that have no footbridge for constructing footbridge. The cost of constructing footbridge is sometimes high and the footbridge site place is important for pedestrians. Besides, selecting of an area for constructing new footbridges includes quantitative and qualitative factors, such as the Total cost, Environmental factors, and Socio-economic factors. For these reasons, selecting area for constructing footbridges can be viewed as a kind of Multi-Attribute Decision Making (MADM) problem. The aim of this study is the use of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and COPRAS-G methods for evaluating and selecting an area for constructing new footbridges alternatives. More precisely, AHP was used for calculation of the relative importance of criteria and COPRAS-G method was used for ranking location alternatives.


constructing projects; footbridge; MADM; AHP; COPRAS-G

Full Text:



Antucheviciene, J.; Zakarevicius, A.; Zavadskas, E. K. 2011. Measuring Congruence of Ranking Results Applying Particular MCDM Methods, Informatica 22(3): 319–338.

Badri, M. A. 2001. A Combined AHP-GP Model for Quality Control Systems, International Journal of Production Economics 72(1): 27–40.

Behzadian, M.; Kazemzadeh, R. B.; Albadvi, A.; Aghdasi, M. 2010. PROMETHEE: a Comprehensive Literature Review on Methodologies and Applications, European Journal of Operational Research 200(1): 198–215.

Chatterjee, P.; Chakraborty, S. 2012. Material Selection Using Preferential Ranking Methods, Materials & Design 35: 384–393.

Chatterjee, P.; Athawale, V. M.; Chakraborty, S. 2011. Materials Selection Using Complex Proportional Assessment and Evaluation of Mixed Data Methods, Materials & Design 32(2): 851–860.

Dağdeviren, M. 2008. Decision Making in Equipment Selection: an Integrated Approach with AHP and PROMETHEE, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing 19(4): 397–406.

Deng, J. L. 1988. Introduction to Grey System Theory, The Journal of Grey Theory 1(1): 1–24.

Deng, J. L. 1982. Control Problems of Grey Systems, Systems and Control letters 1(5): 288–294.

Fouladgar, M. M.; Yazdani-Chamzini, A.; Zavadskas, E. K. 2011. An Integrated Model for Prioritizing Strategies of the Iranian Mining Sector, Technological and Economic Development of Economy 17(3): 459–483.

Ginevičius, R.; Podvezko, V.; Raslanas, S. 2008. Evaluating the Alternative Solutions of Wall Insulation by Multi-Criteria Methods, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 14(4): 217–226.

Hashemkhani Zolfani, S.; Rezaeiniya, N.; Zavadskas, E. K.; Turskis, Z. 2011. Forest Roads Locating Based on AHP and COPRAS-G Methods: an Empirical Study Based on Iran, E & M, Ekonomie a Management 14(4): 6–21.

Hwang, C. L.; Yoon, K. 1981. Multiple Attribute Decision Making: a State of the Art Survey, in Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. 1st edition. 259 p. Springer.

Işıklar G.; Büyüközkan, G. 2007. Using a Multi-Criteria Decision Making Approach to Evaluate Mobile Phone Alternatives, Computer Standards & Interfaces 29(2): 265–274.

Kaklauskas, A.; Zavadskas, E. K.; Naimaviciene, J.; Krutinis, M.; Plakys, V.; Venskus, D. 2010. Model for a Complex Analysis of Intelligent Built Environment, Automation in Construction 19(3): 326–340.

Kulak, O.; Kahraman, C. 2005. Fuzzy Multi-Attribute Transportation Company Selection among the Alternatives Using Axiomatic Design and Analytic Hierarchy Process, Information Sciences 170: 191–210.

Medineckiene, M.; Björk, F. 2011. Owner Preferences Regarding Renovation Measures – the Demonstration of Using Multi-Criteria Decision Making, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 17(2): 284–295.

Medineckiene, M.; Turskis, Z.; Zavadskas, E. K. 2010. Sustainable Construction Taking into Account the Building Impact on the Environment, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management 18(2): 118–127.

Opricovic, S.; Tzeng, G. H. 2007. Extended VIKOR Method in Comparison with Outranking Methods, European Journal of Operational Research 178(2): 514–529.

Podvezko, V. 2011. The Comparative Analysis of MCDA Methods SAW and COPRAS, Inzinerine Ekonomika – Engineering Economics 22(2): 134–146.

Podvezko, V.; Mitkus, S.; Trinkuniene, E. 2010. Complex Evaluation of Contracts for Construction, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 16(2): 287–297.

Pomerol, J.-C.; Barba-Romero, S. 2000. Multicriterion Decision in Management: Principles and Practice. 1st edition. Springer. 408 p. ISBN 0792377567

Saaty, L. T.; Vargas, L. G. 2001. Models, Methods, Concepts & Applications of the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston.

Saaty, L. T. 1980. The Analytic Hierarchy Process. McGraw Hill Company, New York.

Sivilevicius, H. 2011a. Modeling the Interaction of Transport System Elements, Transport 26(1): 20–34.

Sivilevicius, H. 2011b. Application of Expert Evaluation Method to Determine the Importance of Operating Asphalt Mixing Plant Quality Criteria and Rank Correlation, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 6(1): 48–58.

Tupenaite, L.; Zavadskas, E. K.; Kaklauskas, A.; Turskis, Z.; Seniut, M. 2010. Multiple Criteria Assessment of Alternatives for Built and Human Environment Renovation, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 16(2): 257–266.

Wang, X.; Triantaphyllou, E. 2008. Ranking Irregularities when Evaluating Alternatives by Using Some ELECTRE Methods, OMEGA 36(1): 45–63.

Wang, J. J.; Yang, D. L. 2007. Using a Hybrid Multi-Criteria Decision Aid Method for Information Systems Outsourcing, Computers & Operation Research 34(12): 3691–3700.

Zavadskas, E. K.; Kaklauskas, A. 1996. Determination of an Efficient Contractor by Using the New Method of Multi Criteria Assessment, in International Symposium for the Organization and Management of Construction: Shaping Theory and Practice; vol. 2; Managing the Construction Project and Managing Risk. Ed. by Langford, D. A.; Retik, A. Taylor & Francis, 94–104. ISBN 0419222405.

Zavadskas, E. K.; Kaklauskas, A.; Turskis, Z.; Tamosaitiene, J. 2008. Selection of the Effective Dwelling House Walls by Applying Attributes Values Determined at Intervals, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 14(2): 85–93.

Zavadskas, E. K.; Turskis, Z.; Tamosaitiene, J. 2010. Risk Assessment of Construction Projects, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 16(1): 33–46.

Zavadskas, E. K.; Kaklauskas, A.; Turskis, Z.; Tamosaitiene, J. 2009. Multi-Attribute Decision-Making Model by Applying Grey Numbers, Informatica 20(2): 305–320.

Zavadskas, E. K.; Kaklauskas, A.; Turskis, Z.; Tamosaitiene, J.; Kalibatas, D. 2011. Assessment of the Indoor Environment of Dwelling Houses by Applying the COPRAS-G Method: Lithuania Case Study, Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 10(5): 637–647.

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2012.20


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2012 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika