Design Solutions for Pavements Structure Affected by Static and Impact Load

Audrius Vaitkus, Viktoras Vorobjovas, Judita Gražulytė, Rita Kleizienė, Ovidijus Šernas, Aja Tumavičė

Abstract


Pavements of aprons, container and logistic terminals, areas of storage, parking lots, areas of waste utilization are affected by high pressure static and impact loads. These loads strongly influence pavement performance by causing permanent deformations and distresses in the surface and even sometimes pavement failure in the beginning of pavement service. The types of structure, materials and layer thicknesses are the main factors relative to pavement performance. In order to correctly understand the particularity of static and impact loading, distresses of pavement structures affected by such load are emphasized, the load specification and climatic conditions influencing pavement performance are characterized. After analysis of the best practise, the flow chart of pavement structure design model was introduced. The paper gives reasonable pavement type and thickness determination dependent on object of application pavement structure.


Keywords:

static loading; impact loading; pavement distress; pavement structure; design model

Full Text:

PDF

References


Boutin, G.; Lupien, C. 2000. Thermal Cracking of Asphalt Pavement, in Proc. of the 2nd Eurasphalt and Eurobitume Congress. September 20–22, 2000, Barcelona, Spain. 45–59.

Doré, G.; Zubeck, H. K. 2009. Cold Regions Pavement Engineering. 1st edition. McGraw-Hill Professional. 432 p. ISBN 9780071600880.

Ferne, B. 2006. Long-Life Pavements – a European Study by ELLPAG, International Journal of Pavement Engineering 7(2): 91–100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10298430600619059

Fwa, T. F.; Pasindu, H. R.; Ong, G. P. 2012. Critical Rut Depth for Pavement Maintenance Based on Vehicle Skidding and Hydroplaning Consideration, Journal of Transportation Engineering 138(4): 423–429. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000336

Isacsson, U.; Zeng, H. 1998. Low-Temperature Cracking of Polymer-Modified Asphalt, Materials and Structures 31(1): 58–63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02486415

Kim, Y. R.; Lee, Y. C.; Lee, H. J. 1993. Correspondence Principle for Characterization of Asphalt Concrete, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 7(1): 59–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(1995)7:1(59)

Knapton, J. 1996. The Civil Aviation Authority Recommendations for the Use of Pavers on Aircraft Pavements, in Proc. of 5th International Conference on Concrete Block Paving. Israel. 493–500.

Knapton, J. 2006. Concrete Block Paving as a Surfacing Material for Container Storage Areas, in Proc. of 8th International Conference on Concrete Block Paving. November 6–8, 2006, San Francisco, California USA. 699–709.

Knapton, J., Bullen, F. 1996. Background to the Third Edition of the British Ports Association Heavy Duty Pavement Design Manual, in Proc. of 5th International Conference on Concrete Block Paving, 1996, Israel. 433–449.

Knapton, J.; Smith, D. R. 1997. Port and Industrial Pavement Design with Concrete Pavers. 2nd edition. Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute, 66 p.

Laurinavičius, A.; Juknevičiūtė-Žilinskienė, L. 2011. Eleven Years of RWIS Operation in Lithuania: Possibilities for the Use of the Data Collected, in Proc. of the 8th International Conference “Environmental Engineering”: selected paper, vol. 3. Ed. by Čygas, D.; Froehner, K. D. May 19–20, 2011, Vilnius, Lithuania. 1108–1112.

McQueen, R. D.; Knapton, J.; Emery, J.; Smith, D. 2010. Airfield Pavement Design with Concrete Pavers. A Comprehensive Guide. Monograph. 111 p.

Mogawer, W. S.; Austerman, A. J.; Daniel, J. S.; Zhou, F.; Bennert, T. 2011. Evaluation of the Effects of Hot Mix Asphalt Density on Mixture Fatigue Performance, Rutting Performance and MEPDG Distress Predictions, International Journal of Pavement Engineering 12(2): 161–175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10298436.2010.546857

Motiejūnas, A.; Paliukaitė, M.; Vaitkus, A.; Čygas, D.; Laurinavičius A. 2010. Research on the Dependence of Asphalt Pavement Stiffness upon the Temperature of Pavement Layers, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 5(1): 50–54. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/bjrbe.2010.07

Saevarsdottir, T.; Erlingsson, S. 2013. Water Impact on the Behaviour of Flexible Pavement Structures in an Accelerated Test, Road Materials and Pavement Design 14(2): 256–277. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2013.779308

Simonsen, E.; Isacsson, U. 1999. Thaw Weakening of Pavement Structures in Cold Regions, Cold Regions Science and Technology 29(2): 135–151. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0165-232X(99)00020-8

Vaitkus, A.; Paliukaitė, M. 2013. Evaluation of Time Loading Influence on Asphalt Pavement Rutting, Procedia Engineering 57: 1205–1212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.04.152

Vaitkus, A.; Laurinavičius, A.; Oginskas, R.; Motiejūnas, A.; Paliukaitė, M.; Barvidienė, O. 2012. The Road of Experimental Pavement Structures: Experience of Five Years Operation, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 7(3): 220–227. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/bjrbe.2012.30

Wasage, T.; Statsna, J.; Zanzotto, L. 2010. Repeated Loading and Unloading Tests of Asphalt Binders and Mixes, Road Materials and Pavement Design 11(3): 725–744. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2010.9690301

Westergaard, H. M. 1926. Analysis of Stresses in Concrete Pavement Due to Variations of Temperature, in Proc. of the 6th Annual Meeting of the Highway Research Board. December 2–3, 1926, Washington D.C., USA. 201–215.

Woodrooffe, J. H. F.; LeBlanc, P. A. 1988. Heavy Vehicle Axle Dynamics; Rig Development Instrumentation, Analysis Techniques, in the 1st International Symposium on Heavy Vehicles Weights and Dimensions. June 8–13, 1986, Kelowna, British Columbia. 25–35.

Yoo, P.; Al-Qadi, I. 2007. Effect of Transient Dynamic Loading on Flexible Pavements, Transportation Research Record 1990: 129–140. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1990-15

Žiliūtė, L.; Laurinavičius, A. 2013. Traffic Load Impact on the Initiation and Development of Plastic Deformations in Road Asphalt Pavaments, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 8(3): 220–226. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/bjrbe.2013.28

Žiliūtė, L.; Laurinavičius, A.; Vaitkus, A. 2008. The Defects of Asphalt Pavements and Their Impact to Draiving Quality in Vilnius City Streets, in Proc. of the 7th International Conference “Environmental Engineering”: selected paper, vol. 3. Ed. by Čygas, D.; Froehner, K. D. May 22‒23, 2008, Vilnius, Lithuania. 1247–1252.




DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2014.33

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2014 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika