Rheological Properties of the Bituminous Binder Extracted From SMA Pavement with Hydrated Lime

Marek Iwański, Grzegorz Mazurek


The durability of pavement layers depends on the type of bitumen and changes in its material structure during service life. In 1999, while rebuilding and modernizing road infrastructure in Kielce (Poland), a stone mastic asphalt wearing coarse layer with hydrated lime was placed on one of the town’s main streets. Stone mastic asphalt mixture contained 6.2% of D70 bitumen (currently 50/70) and 4% SBS polymer under the trade name Kraton 1101 CM. The hydrated lime was dosed into the stone mastic asphalt mixture to replace 30% of the filler mass. Pavement surface condition after 12 years of service life was very good. In 2011, bitumen samples were extracted from stone mastic asphalt and tested. The tests were performed on the samples that contained fatty amine and hydrated lime as adhesive agents, obtained from stone mastic asphalt wearing course layer in the rut paths and from between the area limited by rut paths. The hydrated lime additive was found to have a positive effect on rheological properties of the recovered bitumen providing resistance to the water and frost.


binder rheological parameter; hydrated lime; recovered binder; polymer SBS; stone mastic asphalt pavement.

Full Text:



Błażejowski, K.; Olszacki, J.; Peciakowski, H. 2011. Poradnik Asfaltowy 2011 [Asphalt Guidebook 2011]. Orlen Asphalt. Płock. 117 p.

Cardone, F.; Frigo, F.; Ferrotti, G.; Canestrari, F. 2015. Influence of Mineral Fillers on the Rheological Response of Polymer- Modified Bitumens and Mastics, Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering 2(6): 373–381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtte.205.06.003

Gawel, I.; Czechowski, F.; Kosno, J. 2016. An Environmental Friendly Anti-Ageing Additive to Bitumen, Construction and Building Materials 110: 42–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.02.004

Gaweł, I.; Kalabińska, M.; Piłat, J. 2001. Asfalt drogowy [Road Bitumen]. Warszawa: WKŁ, 255 p.

Grabowski, W.; Słowik, M. 2002. Research of Rheological Properties of Polymer Modified Binders, Foundations of Civil and Environmental Engineering, selected papers. Ed. by Grabowski, W. No. 3, Poznan University of Technology.

Iwański, M.; Mazurek, G. 2012a. Rheological Characteristics of Synthetic Wax-Modified Asphalt Binders, Polimery 57(9): 661–664. http://dx.doi.org/10.14314/polimery.2012.661

Iwański, M.; Mazurek, G. 2012b. Durability of SMA Pavement with Hydrated Lime, in Proc. of 5th Euroasphalt and Eurobitume Congress, June 13–15, 2012, Istanbul, Turkey.

Judycki, J.; Jaskuła, P. 2001. Korelacja Pomiędzy Cechami Eksploatacyjnymi Betonu Asfaltowego a Cechami Asfaltu. I Międzynarodowa Konferencja Naukowa-Techniczna “Nowoczesne Technologie w Budownictwie Drogowym” [Correlation between Operational Asphalt Concrete and Bitumen Properties], in Proc. of the 1st International Conference “Modern Technologies in Highway Engeenering, Poznań, Poland: Publishing House of the Foundation for Development of Poznan University of Technology, 366–377.

Kennedy, T. W. 1984. Use of Hydrated Lime in Asphalt Paving Mixtures, National Lime Association Bulletin 325.

Kim, R. Y. 2009. Modeling of Asphalt Concrete. McGraw-Hill. 453 p.

Lamontagne, J.; Dumas, P.; Mouillet, V.; Kister, J. 2001. Comparison by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy of Different Ageing Techniques: Application to Road Bitumens, Fuel 80(4): 483–488. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-2361(00)00121-6

Lesueur, D.; Little, D. N. 1999. Effect of Hydrated Lime on Rheology, Fracture and Aging of Bitumen, Transportation Research Record 1661: 93–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1661-14

Little, D. N.; Petersen, J. C. 2005. Unique Effects of Hydrated Lime Filler on the Performance-Related Properties of Asphalt Cements. Physical and Chemical Interactions Revisited, Journal Materials in Civil Engineering 17(2): 207–218. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2005)17:2(207)

Mouillet, V.; Lamontagne, J.; Durrieu, F.; Planche, J.; Lapalu, L. 2008. Infrared Microscopy Investigation of Oxidation and Phase Evolution in Bitumen Modified with Polymers, Fuel 87(7): 1270–1280. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2007.06.029

Plancher, H.; Green, E. L.; Petresen, J. C. 1976. Reduction of Oxidate Hardening of Asphalts by Treatment with Hydrated Lime – a Mechanistic Study, in Proc. Association Asphalt Paving Technologists 45: 1–24.

Shafiei, A.; Latifi Namin, M. 2014. Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Hydrated Lime on Mechanical Properties of SMA, Construction and Building Materials 70: 379–387. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.07.084

Sybilski, D. 2000. Zastosowanie metod SHRP do oceny nawierzchni dróg w Polsce [The Application of SHRP Metodology in Poland]. Warsaw: IBDiM. 168 p.

Zaumanis, M.; Olesen, E.; Haritonovs, V.; Brencis, G.; Smirnovs, J. 2012. Laboratory Evaluation of Organic and Chemical Warm Mix Asphalt Technologies for SMA Asphalt, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 7(3): 191–197. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/bjrbe.2012.26

Zoorob, S. E.; Oliveira, L. A. 2012. Assessing Low Shear Viscosity as the New Bitumen Softening Point Test, Construction and Building Materials 27(1): 357–367. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2011.07.037

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2016.11


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika