Effects of Extended Short-Term Aging Duration on Asphalt Binder Behaviour at High Temperatures

Meor Othman Hamzah, Seyed Reza Omranian

Abstract


Many factors affecting pavement performance include variations in binder composition and environmental conditions during asphalt mixture production. Hence, predicting pavement performance is a difficult task. This paper aims to investigate the effects of short term aging on binder viscosity at high temperature. In order to predict the effects of short term aging on the asphalt binder viscosity at high temperatures, a Response Surface Method was performed on the Rotational Viscometer test results. An experimental matrix was planned based on the central composite design for aging duration and test temperature. The test results showed that aging increased the binder viscosity, while increasing test temperature decreased the corresponding value. However, aging effects differ and depend on binder types, test temperatures and aging conditions. It was also found that the Response Surface Method is a fast, effective and reliable method to predict the effects of aging on binder viscosity behaviour at high temperatures.


Keywords:

aging; asphalt binder; Response Surface Method; rotational viscometer; viscosity.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alavi, M. Z.; Hajj, E. Y.; Morian, N. E. 2013. Approach for Quantifying the Effect of Binder Oxidative Aging on the Viscoelastic Properties of Asphalt Mixtures, Transportation Research Record 2373: 109–120. https://doi.org/10.3141/2373-12

Bražiūnas, J.; Sivilevičius, H. 2010. The Bitumen Batching System’s Modernization and Its Effective Analysis at the Asphalt Mixing Plant, Transport 25(3): 325–335. https://doi.org/10.3846/transport.2010.40

Bražiūnas, J.; Sivilevičius, H.; Virbickas, R. 2013. Dependences of SMA Mixture and Its Bituminous Binder Properties on Bitumen Batching System, Mixing Time and Temperature on Asphalt Mixing Plant, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 19(6): 862–872. https://doi.org/10.3846/13923730.2013.843587

Ceylan, H.; Kim, S.; Gopalakrishnan, K.; Schwartz, C. W.; Li, R. 2014. Sensitivity Analysis Frameworks for Mechanistic-Empirical Pavement Design of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavements, Construction and Building Materials 73: 498–508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.09.091

Chen, J.-S.; Huang. L.-S. 2000. Developing an Aging Model to Evaluate Engineering Properties of Asphalt Paving Binders, Materials and Structures 33(9): 559–565. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02480536

Gawel, I.; Baginska, K. 2004. Effect of Chemical Nature on the Susceptibility of Asphalt to Aging, Petroleum Science and Technology 22(9–10): 1261–1271. https://doi.org/10.1081/LFT-200034074

Glover, C. J.; Han, R.; Jin, X.; Prapaitrakul, N.; Cui, Y.; Rose, A.; Lawrence, J. J.; Padigala, M.; Arambula, E.; Park, E. S. 2014. Evaluation of Binder Aging and Its Influence in Aging of Hot Mix Asphalt Concrete. Report No. FHWA/TX-14/0-6009-2. Texas A&M Transportation Institute. 526 p.

Haghshenas, H. F.; Khodaii, A.; Khedmati, M.; Tapkin, S. 2015a. A Mathematical Model for Predicting Stripping Potential of Hot Mix Asphalt, Construction and Building Materials 75: 488–495. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.11.041

Haghshenas, H. F.; Khodaii, A.; Saleh, M. 2015b. Long Term Effectiveness of Anti-Stripping Agents, Construction and Building Materials 76: 307–312. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.11.060

Hamzah, M. O.; Omranian. S. R.; Yahaya, A. S. 2015a. Evaluation of the Impact of Extended Aging Duration on Visco-Elastic Properties of Asphalt Binders, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering 15(4): 1118–1128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acme.2015.02.006

Hamzah, M. O.; Omranian, S. R.; Golchin, B.; Hainin, M. R. H. 2015b. Evaluation of Effects of Extended Short-Term Aging on the Rheological Properties of Asphalt Binders at Intermediate Temperatures Using Respond Surface Method, Jurnal Teknologi 73(4): 133–139. https://doi.org/10.11113/jt.v73.4306

Hamzah, M. O.; Golchin, B.; Tye, C. T. 2013. Determination of the Optimum Binder Content of Warm Mix Asphalt Incorporating Rediset Using Response Surface Method, Construction and Building Materials 47: 1328–1336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.06.023

Hamzah, M. O.; Jamshidi, A.; Kanitpong, K.; Aman, M. Y. 2012a. Parameters to Characterise the Effects of Sasobit® Content on the Rheological Properties of Unaged and Aged Asphalt Binders, Road Materials and Pavement Design 13(2): 368– 375. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2012.668836

Hamzah, M. O.; Omranian, S. R.; Jamshidi, A.; Hasan, M. R. M. 2012b. Simulating Laboratory Short Term Aging to Suit Malaysian Field Conditions, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Civil, Architectural, Structural and Construction Engineering 6(12): 117–121.

Huh, J. D.; Robertson, R. E. 1996. Modeling of Oxidative Aging Behavior of Asphalts from Short-Term, High-Temperature Data as a Step toward Prediction of Pavement Aging, Transportation Research Record 1535: 91–97. https://doi.org/10.3141/1535-12

Jamshidi, A.; Hamzah, M. O.; Aman, M. Y. 2012. Effects of Sasobit® Content on the Rheological Characteristics of Unaged and Aged Asphalt Binders at High and Intermediate Temperatures, Materials Research 15(4): 628–638. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-14392012005000083

Kavussi, A.; Qorbani, M.; Khodaii, A.; Haghshenas, H. F. 2014. Moisture Susceptibility of Warm Mix Asphalt: a Statistical Analysis of the Laboratory Testing Results, Construction and Building Materials 52: 511–517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.10.073

Kassem, E.; Scullion, T.; Masad, E.; Chowdhury, A. 2012. Comprehensive Evaluation of Compaction of Asphalt Pavements and a Practical Approach for Density Predictions, Transportation Research Record 2268: 98–107. https://doi.org/10.3141/2268-12

Khodaii, A.; Haghshenas, H.; Kazemi Tehrani, H. 2012. Effect of Grading and Lime Content on HMA Stripping Using Statistical Methodology, Construction and Building Materials 34: 131–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.02.025

Mason, R. L.; Gunst, R. F.; Hess, J. L. 2003. Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments: with Applications to Engineering and Science. John Wiley and Sons. 760 p. https://doi.org/10.1002/0471458503

McGennis, R. B.; Shuler, S.; Bahia, H. U. 1994. Background of Superpave Asphalt Binder Test Methods. Report No. FHWA-SA-94-069. Federal Highway Administration. 99 p.

Mehrez, L.; Kassem, E.; Masad, E.; Little, D. 2015. Stochastic Identification of Linear-Viscoelastic Models of Aged and Unaged Asphalt Mixtures, Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 27(4). https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001103

Mirza, M. W.; Witczak, M. W. 1995. Development of a Global Aging System for Short- and Long-Term Aging of Asphalt Cements, Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists 64: 393–430.

Poulikakos, L. D.; dos Santos, S.; Bueno, M.; Kuentzel, S.; Hugener, M.; Partl, M. N. 2014. Influence of Short and Long Term Aging on Chemical, Microstructural and Macro-Mechanical Properties of Recycled Asphalt Mixtures, Construction and Building Materials 51: 414–423. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.11.004

Van der Bergh, W. 2011. The Effect of Ageing on the Fatigue and Healing Properties of Bituminous Mortars: PhD Thesis. TU Delft, Delft University of Technology. 344 p.




DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2016.35

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika