Experimental Method of Fatigue Performance of Mastic Asphalt for Bridge Deck Pavement

Guilian Zou, Xiaoning Zhang, Chung Wu


Mastic asphalt is a type of pavement material that has good fluidity and is self-levelling at construction temperature for the bridge deck. There are highly accurate methods and indexes for evaluating fluidity and high-temperature deformation resistance for mastic asphalt-design and construction-control systems. The fatigue cracking is one of the main failure forms of bridge deck pavement. Therefore, the method used to evaluate the fatigue properties of pavement materials is also essential. The anti-deformation capability of the mastic asphalt must be increased, that results in poor fatigue performance and consequent failure of the bridge deck pavement to avoid the rutting of bridge deck pavement. In this study, a simple method is put forward for evaluating mastic asphalt fatigue performance.  Impact toughness is defined as the area under the load-displacement curve of a three-point bending beam specimen under impact load to evaluate the fatigue performance of mastic asphalt. The four-point bending beam fatigue test is used to verify the rationality of the impact toughness test method. The results showed that there is a good correlation between the impacts toughness index of mastic asphalt produced under different mixing conditions and the accumulative dissipative energy and fatigue life demonstrated by the four-point bending beam test. Therefore, to evaluate the fatigue performance of mastic asphalt by impact toughness test. Fatigue performance and rut resistance are two ways to evaluate road performance of asphalt mixtures, but they are mutually restrictive. The results show that impact toughness and dynamic stability are inversely correlated. As the impact toughness increases, dynamic stability decreases. Therefore, balancing the fatigue performance and high-temperature rutting resistance of mastic asphalt in the design and quality control is very important.


bridge deck pavement; dissipative energy; experimental method; fatigue; mastic asphalt; performance balance

Full Text:



AASHTO T321-2007 Standard Method of Test for Determining the Fatigue Life of Compacted Hot-Mix Asphalt (HMA) Subjected to Repeated Flexural Bending

Battista, R. C., Pfeil, M. S., & Carvalho, E. M. (2008). Fatigue life estimates for a slender orthotropic steel deck. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 64(1), 134-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcsr.2007.03.002

BS EN 13108-6:2006 Bituminous Mixtures − Material Specifications − Part 6: Mastic Asphalt

BS 1447:1998 Specification for Mastic Asphalt (Limestone Fine Aggregate) for Roads, Footways and Pavings in Building

BS 812-103.2 Testing Aggregates − Part 103: Methods for Determination of Particle Size Distribution − Section 103.2: Sedimentation Test

Buirette, C., & Huez, J. (2010). Impact toughness enhancement of an electron beam welded Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy through post-welding heat treatment, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2010 −139th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Seattle, WA, United States, vol.3, 593-600.

de Jong, F. (2006). Renovation techniques for fatigue cracked orthotropic steel bridge decks. PhD thesis, Delft University of Technology.

Dilthey, U., Lüder, F., Bleck, W., Langenberg, P., & Nagel, M. (2001). Testing of the notch-impact toughness of laser-beam-welded joints. Welding Research Abroad, 47(4): 35-38.

Guo, R., & Prozzi, J. (2006). Characterization of Hamburg wheel tracking device testing results. In Applications of Advanced Technology in Transportation (pp. 105-110). https://doi.org/10.1061/40799(213)18

Jeong, Y. S., Kainuma, S., & Ahn, J. H. (2013). Structural response of orthotropic bridge deck depending on the corroded deck surface. Construction and Building Materials, 43, 87-97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.01.011

JTG E20-2011 Standard Test Method of Bitumen and Bituminous Mixture for Highway Engineering (in Chinese)

Kyung, K. S., Shin, D. H., Lee, H. H., & Jeon, J. C. (2006). A suggestion of effective structural details for orthotropic steel deck, Proceedings of the 10th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structure, Bangkok, Thailand, 547-552.

Liu, X., Medani, T. O., Scarpas, A., Huurman, M., & Molenaar, A. A. A. (2010). Characterisation of surfacing materials for orthotropic steel deck bridges. Part 2: numerical work. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 11(3), 255-265. https://doi.org/10.1080/10298430902859346

Medani, T. O., Huurman, M., Liu, X. Y., Scarpas, A., & Molenaar, A. A. A. (2007). Describing the behaviour of two asphaltic surfacing materials for orthotropic steel deck bridges. Advanced Characterisation of Pavement Soil Engineering Materials, 1&2, 1351-1368.

Mull, M. A., Othman, A., & Mohammad, L. (2005). Fatigue crack propagation analysis of chemically modified crumb rubber–asphalt mixtures. Journal of Elastomers & Plastics, 37(1), 73-87. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095244305049898

Mull, M. A., Stuart, K., & Yehia, A. (2002). Fracture resistance characterization of chemically modified crumb rubber asphalt pavement. Journal of Materials Science, 37(3), 557-566. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1013721708572

Pinho, S. T., Robinson, P., & Iannucci, L. (2006). Fracture toughness of the tensile and compressive fibre failure modes in laminated composites. Composites Science and Technology, 66(13), 2069-2079. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2005.12.023

Pouget, S., Sauzéat, C., Di Benedetto, H., & Olard, F. (2010). Numerical simulation of the five-point bending test designed to study bituminous wearing courses on orthotropic steel bridge. Materials and Structures, 43(3), 319-330. https://doi.org/10.1617/s11527-009-9491-1

Shirahata, H., Akasaka, K., & Iizuka, T. (2010). Detection of fatigue crack of steel deck plate by ultrasonic nondestructive testing, in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, Philadelphia, United States, 3537-3544. https://doi.org/10.2208/jscejseee.72.393

Tamminen, S., Juutilainen, I., & Röning, J. (2010, July). Quantile regression model for impact toughness estimation. In Industrial Conference on Data Mining (pp. 263-276). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14400-4_21

Van Dijk, W., & Visser, W. (1977). The energy approach to failure for pavement design. Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, 46, 1-40.

Wang, M., Zhang, H., Zhu, M., Hao, Z., & Xue, X. (2011). Research on structure and properties of embedded Gussasphalt. In Road Pavement and Material Characterization, Modeling, and Maintenance (pp. 106-114). https://doi.org/10.1061/47624(403)14

Way, G. B., Kaloush, K. E., Sousa, J. M. B., & Zareh, A. (2009, September). Arizona’s 15 years of experience using the four point bending beam test. In Second Workshop on Four-point Bending, Guimarães, Portugal (pp. 24-25).

Wu, W. J. (2009). Study on the Fatigue Performance of Gussasphalt Concrete [D]. Chongqing: Chongqing University.

Yu, J. M. (2005). Fatigue performance of asphalt-aggregate mixes (Doctoral dissertation, South China University of Technology).

Yu, J., & Zhang, X. (2011). Comparisons of three types of four-point-bending fatigue testing machines for asphalt mixture. Road Machinery & Construction Mechanization, 01, 79-82. (in Chinese)

Zou, G., Wu, C., & Xu, J. (2013). Development of an experimental method for asphalt concrete overlay reflective cracking evaluation. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 6(4), 327. https://doi.org/10.6135/ijprt.org.tw/2013.6(4).327

DOI: 10.7250/bjrbe.2019-14.458


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Guilian Zou, Xiaoning Zhang, Chung Wu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.