Prospects for Evaluating the Damageability of Asphalt Concrete Pavements During Cold Recycling

Vitali Zankavich, Boris Khroustalev, Tingguo Liu, Uladzimir Veranko, Viktors Haritonovs, Aleksei Busel, Bo Shang, Zhongyu Li


The article considers improvement of the methodology for accounting for the degradation of asphalt concrete working in the upper layers of the pavement. Development of recycling technologies for road structures is an ongoing process; it allows reaching a higher quality of reclaimed materials and using them for subsequent construction of structural layers, including the upper layers without the protective ones, as well as during repair and reconstruction of roads of various technical categories. At the same time, the system of pre-project assessment (diagnostics) of the state of asphalt concrete pavements cannot be considered optimal and effective because the determined indicators demonstrate that, firstly, various surface and structural defects are present, and, secondly, that the indicators mentioned above are more relevant to the road structure as a whole. The joint handling of the theoretical and experimental data allows concluding that damageability level depends on the physical, mechanical and structural properties, the main being maximal structural strength and the number of elastic bonds involved in the deformation process. A variant of modelling of asphalt concrete damageability depending on the work capacity is proposed, when the reduced amount of dissipated energy is replaced with sufficient accuracy for practice by the ratio of the actual number of load application cycles (freezing and thawing cycles) to the limit. A correlation between the level of damageability and the kinetics of changes of the interpore space of asphalt concrete under the influence of strain (temperature, climatic factors) has been established. Results allow fixing (predicting) the level of damageability by measuring the level of water permeability. The research methodology and equipment for implementation thereof was developed earlier, it can be effectively used at the stage of pre-project diagnosis.


asphalt concrete; damageability; maximal structural strength; pavement recycling; permeability; water resistance; work capacity

Full Text:



Bergheau, J. M., Leblond, J. B., & Perrin, G. (2014). A New Numerical Implementation of a Second-Gradient Model for Plastic Porous Solids, With an Application to the Simulation of Ductile Rupture Tests. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 268, 105–125.

Besson, J. (2009). Damage of Ductile Materials Deforming Under Multiple Plastic or Viscoplastic Mechanisms. International journal of plasticity, 25, 2204–2221.

Chaboche, J. L. (1988). Continuum Damage Mechanics: Part I – General Concepts. Journal of Applied Mechanics – Transactions ASME, 55, 59–64.

Darabi, M., Abu Al-Rub, R., Masad, E., & Little, D. (2013). Constitutive Modeling of Fatigue Damage Response of Asphalt Concrete Materials With Consideration of Micro-Damage Healing. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 50(19), 2901–2913.

El-Hakim, M., & Tighe, S. (2014). Impact of Freeze–Thaw Cycles on Mechanical Properties of Asphalt Mixes. Transportation Research Record, 2444(1), 20–27.

Gologanu, M., Leblond, J. B., Perrin, G., & Devaux, J. (1997). Recent Extensions of Gurson’s Model for Porous Ductile Metals. Continuum Micromechanics: CISM Courses and Lectures, 377, 61–130.

Gosstandard of the Republic of Belarus. (2013). STB 1115-2013. Smesi asphaltobetonnye dorozhnye, aerodromnye i asphaltobeton. Metody ispytaniy [Asphalt concrete road, airfield and asphalt concrete mixes. Test methods].

Kachanov, L. M. (1974). Osnovy mekhaniki razrushenia. Moskva: Izdatelstvo “Nauka”. 312 s. (in Russian).

Kanaun, S. K., & Chudnovskiy, S. K. (1970). O kvazikhrupkom razrushenii. Mekhanika tverdogo tela, 3, 185–186. (in Russian).

Kayhanian, M., Anderson, D., Harvey, J., Jones, D., & Muhunthan, B. (2012). Permeability Measurement and Scan Imaging to Assess Clogging of Pervious Concrete Pavements in Parking Lots. Journal of Environmental Management, 95, 114–123.

Keralavarma, S. M., Hoelscher, S., & Benzerga, A. A. (2011). Void Growth and Coalescence in Anisotropic Plastic Solids. International journal of solids and structures, 48, 1696–1710.

Lemaitre, J. (1985). A Continuous Damage Mechanics Model for Ductile Fracture. Journal of engineering materials and technology ASME, 107, 83–89.

Li, J., Wang, F., Yi, F., Ma, J., & Lin, Z. (2019). Fractal Analysis of the Fracture Evolution of Freeze-Thaw Damage to Asphalt Concrete. Materials, 12(14), 2288.

Li, Z., Liu, T., Shi, J., Veranko, U., & Zankavich, V. (2017). Fatigue Resistance of Asphalt Concrete Pavements. Peculiarity and Assessments of Potentials. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering, 12(4), 270–275.

Li. J. R., & Yu, J. L. (2005). Computational Simulations of Intergranular Fracture of Polycrystalline Materials and Size Effect. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 72, 2009–2017.

Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China. (2011). JTG E20-2011. Gonglu gongcheng liqing ji liqing hunhe liao shiyan guicheng [Test methods of asphalt and asphalt mixtures for highway engineering].

Odqvist, F. K. G., & Hult, J. (1962). Kriechfestigkeit metallischer Werkstoffe. Berlin: Springer. 304 p.

Pasetto, M., Pasquini, E., Giacomello, G., & Baliello, A. (2017). Life-Cycle Assessment of Road Pavements Containing Marginal Materials: Comparative Analysis Based on a Real Case Study. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Life-Cycle Assessment of Pavements (pp. 199–208). Champaign, Illinois, USA, April 12–13, 2017.

Pei, W. (2017). Planning a Sustainable, Green Industrial Road With an Ecological Recycling Economy in Mind. Open House International, 42(3), 45–49. Retrieved from 56c9e8d29fd82e35/1?pq-origsite=gscholar &cbl=456297

Pobedria, B. E. (1984). Mekhanika kompozicionnykh materialov. Moskva: Izdatelstvo MGU. 336 s. (in Russian).

Rabotnov, Yu. N. (1987). Vvedenie v mekhaniku razrushenia. Moskva: Izdatelstvo “Nauka”. 388 s. (in Russian)

Radovskiy, B. S. (1992). Veroyatnostno-geometricheskiy podkhod k structure i ocenke phiziko-mekhanicheskikh svoistv materialov dorozhnykh konstrukciy. Aktualnye voprosy mekhaniki dorozhnykh odezhd, 4–36 (in Russian).

Shakiba, M., Al-Rub, R., Darabi, M., You, T., Masad, E., & Little, D. (2013). Continuum Coupled Moisture-Mechanical Damage Model for Asphalt Concrete. Transportation Research Record, 2372(1), 72–82.

Si, W., Li, N., Ma, B., Ren, J., Wang, H., & Hu, J. (2015). Impact of Freeze-Thaw Cycles on Compressive Characteristics of Asphalt Mixture in Cold Regions. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology – Materials science edition, 30(4), 703–709.

Sui, Т. (2012). Ispolzovanie promyshlennych otkhodov v cementnoy promyshlennosti Kitaya. ALITinfor: Cement. Beton. Suchie smesi, 6, 6–15. (in Russian). Retrieved from uploads/2019/07/ALITinform_6_27_2012_sm.pdf

Sung, C., & Kim, Y. (2012). Void Ratio and Durability Properties of Porous Polymer Concrete Using Recycled Aggregate With Binder Contents for Permeability Pavement. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 126-S2, E338–E348.

Teltayev, B., O. Rossi, C., Izmailova, G., & Amirbayev, E. (2019). Effect of Freeze-Thaw Cycles on Mechanical Characteristics of Bitumens and Stone Mastic Asphalts. Applied Sciences, 9(3), 458.

Tvergaard, V., & Needleman, A. (1995). Effects of Nonlocal Damage in Porous Plastic Solids. International journal of solids and structures, 32(8/9), 1063–1077.

Underwood, B. (2016). A Continuum Damage Model for Asphalt Cement and Asphalt Mastic Fatigue. International Journal of Fatigue, 82, 387–401.

Usatova, M. G., Kozlitin, R. A., & Udodov, V. N. (2016). Modelirovanie ustoichivosti sistemy k povrezhdeniyu metodami teorii odnomernoy perkoliacii. Obrazovatelnye resursy i tekhnologii, 2, 374–378 (in Russian). Retrieved from

Varveri, A., Avgerinopoulos, S., Kasbergen, C., Scarpas, A., & Collop, A. (2014). Influence of Air Void Content on Moisture Damage Susceptibility of Asphalt Mixtures. Transportation Research Record, 2446(1), 8–16.

Verenko, V. A. (1993). Dorozhnye kompozitnye materialy: Struktura i mekhanicheskie svoistva. Minsk: Izdatelstvo “Nauka i tekhnika”. 246 s. (in Russian).

Verenko, V. A., & Makarevich, A. A. (2010). Prognozirovanie raschetnykh kharakteristik betonov na organogidravlicheskikh viazhushchikh v shirokikh diapazonakh temperature i skorostey deformirovania. Nauka i tekhnika, 3, 20–27. (in Russian).

Verenko, V. A., Zankovich, V. V., Ladyshev, A. V., Afanasenko, A. A., Yatsevich, P. P., Lira, S. V. (2015). Dolgovechnye asphaltobetonnye pokratia avtomobilnykh dorog, mostov i ulic. Minsk: ArtDizayn. 291 s. (in Russian).

Wang, D., & Shi, J. (2017). Study on Infrared Differential Thermal Non-Destructive Testing Technology of the Permeability of Hot Mix Asphalt Pavements. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 69(1), 012109.

Wirtgen GmbH. (2012). Wirtgen Cold Recycling Manual (2nd edition). Windhagen, Germany. Retrieved from media/02_wirtgen/infomaterial_1/kaltrecycler/kaltrecycling_technologie/ kaltrecycling_handbuch/Kaltrecycling_Handbuch_EN.pdf

Xu, H., Guo, W., & Tan, Y. (2015). Internal Structure Evolution of Asphalt Mixtures During Freeze–Thaw Cycles. Materials and design, 86, 436–446.

Xu, H., Guo, W., & Tan, Y. (2016). Permeability of Asphalt Mixtures Exposed to Freeze–Thaw Cycles. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 123, 99–106.

DOI: 10.7250/bjrbe.2020-15.498


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Vitali Zankavich, Boris Khroustalev, Tingguo Liu, Uladzimir Veranko, Viktors Haritonovs, Aleksey Busel, Bo Shang, Zhongyu Li

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.