Influence of Biaxial Geogrid at the Ballast Interface for Granular Earth Railway Embankment

Anoop Bhardwaj, Satyendra Mittal


The development of reinforcements for soil has made an impact in most of the civil engineering sectors especially transportation. The use of geogrids is frequent in roadways but they are also finding use in railways. The major impact that geogrids could have is providing desired stiffness to a section by reducing material and serving as a proper reinforcement material. In the current study, an attempt has been made to redesign the railway embankment economically with the help of geogrids. Biaxial geogrid is used to substitute the blanket layer (thickness up to 100 cm) in the railway embankment by fulfilling the strain modulus requirement of the embankment, calculated using a plate bearing test as per DIN 18134. The experiment is performed on the embankment replicated in a metallic test chamber with granular soil as subgrade and geogrid is placed beneath the ballast. The experimental study is validated by a 3-D numerical model using Midas GTS NX software. The experimental analysis shows an improvement of 31.47% in the second modulus of the earth embankment. For the implementation of this study, a design section of Indian railways is adopted. With the help of geogrid, a reduction of 50% is observed in the embankment height, thereby reducing the overall costs.


deformation modulus; geogrids; granular earth bed; high-speed embankment; plate load bearing test; reinforced embankments

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DOI: 10.7250/bjrbe.2022-17.566


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