Site Damage Tests of Geotextiles Used for Layer Separation in Road Construction

Audrius Vaitkus, Alfredas Laurinavičius, Donatas Čygas


In recent decades Lithuania has witnessed an increase in road construction and reconstruction works involving the use of geosynthetics, which is usually concerned with special functions. One of them is separation of layers of aggregate by geotextile in the structure of road pavement. To successfully implement the separation, there are several crucial factors to be taken into consideration: the integrity, durability of the material and damages identified during installation. In Lithuania the geosynthetics is selected on the basis of eight-year-old interim guidelines and recommendations of suppliers. The paper deals with the systems of selecting geosynthetics in Lithuania and other countries. Then the results of experimental research are assessed. The present research has selected 5 types of geosynthetics of some manufacturers. The geotextiles were installed between different layers of road pavement structure. The analysis focuses on geotextile damages emerging during installation and their impact on performing the function of separation.


separation; geotextile; geotextile damage; pavement structure; geosynthetics; specifications

Full Text:



Koerner, R. M. Designing with Geosynthetics, 4th ed, New Jersey, 1998. 751 p.

Vischer, W. Low-Volume Road Flexible Pavement Design with Geogrid-Reinforced Base. In: 8th Intern Conference on Low-Volume Roads, Transportation Research Record, Vol 1, TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., 2003, p. 247–254.

STR 2.06.03:2001 Regulation of Motor Roads (Techninių reikalavimų reglamentas. Automobilių keliai). Vilnius, 2001. 80 p. (in Lithuanian).

Čygas, D.; Laurinavičius, A.; Juknevičiūtė, L.; Vaitkus, A. Investigations of Pavement Structure of Public Transport Stops on Vilnius City Streets. In: 8th Intern Conference Modern Building Materials, Structures and Techniques. Vilnius: Technika, 2004, p. 186–192.

Watn, A.; Chew, S. H. Geosynthetic Damage-from Laboratory to Field. In: 7th Intern Conference on Geosynthetics. Nice, 2002, p. 1203–1225.

WILMERS, W. The Revised German Regulations for the Use of Geosynthetics in Road Construction. In: 7th International Conference on Geosynthetics. Nice, 2002, p. 1401–1404.

Hufenus R., Rüegger R., Reifler F., Raschle P. Langzeitverhalten von Geotextilien. In: Schweizerischer Verband der Geotextilfachleute (ed.), Das Geotextilhandbuch. St. Gallen: SVG, 1997 (in German).

Koerner R. M., Koerner G. R. Reduction Factors Used in Geosynthetic Design. GSI White Paper #4. Folsom, USA, Feb 3, 2005.

Brady, K. C.; Watts, G. R. A.; Nagarkatti, A. S.; Greenwood, J. H. Installation damage trials on geotextiles. Research Report 382. Crowthorne, U.K.: Transport Research Laboratory, 1994.

Greenwood, J. H. The Nature of Mechanical Damage. Seminar on Installation Damage in Geosynthetics. ERA Report 98-0853, Leatherhead, U. K.: ERA Technology Ltd., 1998.

SINTEF. Non-woven Geotextiles – Field Test on Damage during Installation. Report STF22 F97658. Trondheim, 1997.

British Standard BS 8006. Code of Practice for Strengthened/ Reinforced Soils and Other Fills. London, U.K.: British Standards Institution, 1995. 162 p.

WATN, A.; EIKSUND, G. Specification Profile for Geotextiles for Separation and Filtration in Roads – Norwegian Standard. In: 2th European Geosynthetic Conference. Bologna, 2000.

Eiksund, G.; Watn, A.; Rathmayer, H. NorGeoSpec, a Proposed System for Specification and Control of Geotextiles for Separation and Filtration in Roads in the Nordic Countries. 7th Intern Conference on Geosynthetics. Nice, 2002, p. 1375–1378.

NorGeoSpec 2002. A Nordic System for Specification and Control of Geotextiles in Roads and Other Trafficked Areas. VTT and SINTEF, 2004. 27 p.

Notes on the Use of Geosynthetics in Earthwork in Road Construction. Notes 2002. Germany.

Operation with Geotextiles and Geogrids in Road Building. Temporal Regulations (Geotekstilės ir geotinklų naudojimas tiesiant kelius. Laikini nurodymai). Vilnius: Lietuvos Respublikos susisiekimo ministerija, 1998. 47 p. (in Lithuanian).

Troost, G. H.; Ploeg, N. A. Influence of Weaving Structure and Coating on the Degree of Mechanical Damage of Reinforcing Mats and Woven Geogrids Caused by Different Fills During Installation. In: 4th Intern Conference on Geotextiles, Geomembranes and Related Products. The Hague, 1990, p. 869–876.

Atmatzidis, D. K., Chrysikos, D. A. On the Static Puncture Strength of Non-woven Geotextiles. In: 7th International Conference on Geosynthetics. Nice, 2002, p. 1363–1366.

LST 1331. Soils for Roads Construction – Classification (Automobilių kelių gruntai. Klasifikacija). Vilnius: Lietuvos standartizacijos departamentas, 2002. 15 p. (in Lithuanian).


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2006 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika