Multi-Criteria Evaluation of Crash Barrier Systems Types

Daniel Macek, Dana Měšťanová

Abstract


Improvement of the situation regarding accident rates in the European Union is a subject of an action programme set up by the European Commission and called the European Road Safety Action Programme 2003–2010. The aim of the programme is to lower the number of road fatalities because of road accidents by half. To be successful as far as the fulfilment of the aim is concerned it is necessary to make a right choice of appropriate solutions when designing transport constructions. One possibility is to design appropriate crash barrier systems. The right decision is the matter of the usage of an appropriate type of safety device (for instance, the crash barrier), requires concentration of the essential knowledge and further ability to judge and evaluate thoroughly information available. This article deals with the evaluation of types of crash barriers from the viewpoint of their suitability for communication. The evaluation process covers firstly security aspects, secondly takes into consideration economic aspects and eventually ecological criteria. The aim is to set general priorities when using individual types of crash barriers. By using crash barriers in particular conditions there is fulfilled the effort to protect participants in road traffic from the consequences of traffic accidents. The effort is intended to eliminate losses of lives, to protect the health of those involved in traffic accidents, to minimize losses of the vehicle’s value, losses of the construction substance of a road construction, losses of any tangible property, and last but not least to minimize the impact on the environment in a territory surrounding a particular transport construction.


Keywords:

concrete crash barriers; cable crash barriers; steel crash barriers; restraint systems; security

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beran, V.; Dlask, P. 2007. Nonlinear optimisation and rational cash flow, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management 14(3): 277–292. DOI:10.1108/09699980710744917

Beran, V.; Hromada, E. 2008. Dynamic simulations in cost and time estimation of the construction process, Acta Polytechnica 48(1): 30–35.

Berka, V.; Dlask, P.; Schneiderová, R. 2007. The technical economic optimizing using the GRID procedures, in Proc of CTU Workshop. Ed. by Hájek, V.; Bittnar, Z. January 16–18, 2007, Prague, Czech Republic. Prague: Czech Technical University in Prague, 407–412.

Lama, A.; Smirnovs, J.; Naudžuns, J. 2007. Effectiveness of the 2000–2006 national road traffic safety programme implementation in Latvia, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 2(1): 13–20.

Lehovec, F. 2006. The influence of road infrastructure on regional development, in Proc of the 4th International Scientific Conference “Challenges in Transport and Communication”. Ed. by Novák, K. August 5–8, 2006, Pardubice, Czech Republic. Pardubice: University of Pardubice, 177–182.

Ren, Z.; Vesenjak, M. 2005. Computational and experimental crash analysis of the road safety barrier, Engineering Failure Analysis 12(6): 963–973. DOI: 10.1016/j.engfailanal.2004.12.033

Schneiderová, R. 2007. The building’s value assessment using the utility and the LCC, in Proc of International Conference “Central Europe towards Sustainable Building”. Ed. by Frková, J. June 14–15, 2007, Prague, Czech Republic. Czech Technical University in Prague, 126–131.

Šarka, V.; Zavadskas, E. K.; Ustinovičius, L.; Šarkienė, E.; Ignatavičius, Č. 2008. System of project multicriteria decision synthesis in constructions, Technological and Economic Development of Economy 14(4): 546–565. DOI: 10.3846/1392-8619.2008.14.546-565

Šelih, J.; Kne, A.; Srdić, A.; Žura, M. 2008. Multiple-criteria decision support system in highway infrastructure management, Transport 23(4): 299–305. DOI: 10.3846/1648-4142.2008.23.299-305

Tománková, J. 2007. Cost planning for renewal and maintenance over the building life cycle, in Proc of International Conference “Central Europe towards Sustainable Building”. Ed. by Frková, J. June 14–15, 2007, Czech Republic. Czech Technical University in Prague, 105–110.

Vaidogas, E. R. V. 2007. Risk oriented design of protective highway structure, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 2(4): 155–163.

Zavadskas, E. K.; Kaklauskas, A.; Peldschus, F.; Turskis, Z. 2007. Multi-attribute assessment of road design solutions by using the COPRAS method, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 2(4): 195–203.




DOI: 10.3846/1822-427X.2009.4.108-114

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2009 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika