Influence of Road Pavement Macrotexture on Tyre/Road Noise of Vehicles

Wladyslaw Gardziejczyk


Noise level in the surroundings of traffic routes mainly depends from traffic volume, flow composition, speed of the vehicles as well as from the cross-section and road longitudinal gradient. Under higher speeds significant influence on the noise level has also tyre/road noise. Tyre/road noise depends on type and pavement condition state, specifically from the surface macrotexture. The influence of macrotexture is varying and strictly connected with the type of vehicles, tyres characteristics, frequencies of emitted noise. On the base of investigations of the rolling noise applying Statistical Pass-By method along the Polish roads the paper presents elaborated dependences and fixed values of differences between maximum noise levels under passing multiple-axle heavy vehicle and passenger car on the asphalt concrete surface, stone mastic asphalt and the surface dressing. The functional dependences between maximum rolling noise levels in the range of complete level and in the octave band spectra: 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1000 Hz, 2000 Hz and 4000 Hz and between the surface macrotexture described by mean profile depth, and logarithm of vehicle speed and adequate nomograms were evaluated in the paper. On this base the values of differences in the levels of emitted noise from passing heavy vehicle and passenger car in function of speed and surface macrotexture were computed. The manuscript also presents how surface macrotexture and traffic flow composition have influence on equivalent noise level in the road vicinity under equal traffic volume.


macrotexture; tyre/road noise; passenger car; multiple-axle heavy vehicle

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DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2014.23


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