Analysis of Innovative Two-Span Suspension Bridges

Algirdas Juozapaitis, Tomas Merkevičius, Alfonsas Daniūnas, Romas Kliukas, Giedrė Sandovič, Ona Lukoševičienė


Recently, two-span, or the so-called single pylon suspension bridges, due to their constructing structure, have been widely applied. A reduction in deformation seems to be the main problem of the behaviour and design of such bridges. The deformation of suspension bridges is mainly determined by cable kinematic displacements caused by temporary loadings rather than by elastic deformations. Not all known methods for the stabilization of the initial form of suspension bridges are suitable for single pylon bridges. The employment of the so-called rigid cables that increase the general stiffness of the suspension bridge appears to be one of the innovative methods for stabilizing the initial form of single pylon suspension bridges. Rigid cables are designed from standard steel profiles and, compared to the com- mon ones made of spiral and parallel wires, are more resistant to corrosion. Moreover, the construction joints, in terms of fabrication and installation, have a simpler form. However, calculation methods for such single pylon suspension bridges with rigid cables are not sufficiently prepared. Only single publications on the analysis of the behaviour of one or three-span suspension bridges with rigid cables have been available so far. The paper presents analytical expressions to calculate the displacements and internal forces of suspension bridges with rigid cables thus assessing the sequence of cable installation. Also, the paper describes the sequence of iterative calculation.


suspension bridge; single pylon bridge; steel bridge; rigid cable; symmetric loadings; non-linear analysis; internal forces and displacements

Full Text:



Betti, R.; West, A. C.; Vermaas, G.; Cao, Y. 2005. Corrosion and Embrittlement in High-Strength Wires of Suspension Bridge Cables, Journal in Bridge Engineering 10(2): 151−162.

Bloomstine, B.; Sorensen, O. 2006. Prevention of Main Cable Corrosion by Dehumidification, in Advances in Cable-Supported Bridges.Ed. by Mahmoud, K. M. London: Taylor and Francis Group. 215−228. ISBN 10 0-415-41982-4.

Cobo del Arco, D.; Aparicio, A. C. 2001. Preliminary Static Analysis of Suspension Bridges, Engineering Structures 23(9): 1096– 1103.

Clemente, P.; Nicolosi, G.; Raithel, A. 2000. Preliminary Design of Very Long-Span Suspension Bridges, Engineering Structures 22(12): 1699–1706.

Fürst, A.; Marti, P.; Ganz, H. 2001. Bending of Stay Cables, Structural Engineering International 11(1): 42–46.

Gimsing, N. J.; Georgakis, Ch. T. 2012. Cable Supported Bridges: Concept and Design. 3rd ed. John Wiley & Sons. 599 p. ISBN 9780470666289.

Grigorjeva, T.; Kamaitis, Z. 2015. Numerical Analysis of the Effects of the Bending Stiffness of the Cable and the Mass of Structural Members on Free Vibrations of Suspension Bridges, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 21(7): 948–957.

Grigorjeva, T.; Juozapaitis, A.; Kamaitis, Z. 2010. Static Analysis and Simplified Design of Suspension Bridges Having Various Rigidity of Cables, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 16(3): 363–371.

Jennings, A. 1987. Deflection Theory Analysis of Different Cable Profiles for Suspension Bridges, Engineering Structures 9(2): 84–94.

Juozapaitis, A.; Kliukas, R.; Merkevičius, T.; Lukoševičienė, O..2013. Analysis of Modern Suspension Multi-Spans Bridges with Stiff in Bending Cables, The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering 8(3): 205–211.

Juozapaitis, A.; Idnurm, S.; Kaklauskas, G.; Idnurm, J.; Gribniak, V. 2010. Non-Linear Analysis of Suspension Bridges with Flexible and Rigid Cables, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 16(1): 149–154.

Juozapaitis, A.; Vainiūnas, P.; Kaklauskas, G. 2006. A New Steel Structural System of a Suspension Pedestrian Bridge, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 62(12): 1257–1263.

Juozapaitis, А.; Daniūnas А. 2005. Analiz povedeniya i raschet gibkoy visyachey naklonnoy niti. Theoretical Foundations of Civil Engineering: Polish-Ukrainian Transactions. T. 13. Warsaw−Dnepropetrovsk: Wydawnictwo Politechniki Warszawskiej, 299–306 (in Russian).

Juozapaitis, A.; Norkus, A. 2004. Displacement Analysis of Asymmetrically Loaded Cable, Journal of Civil Engineering and Management 10(4): 277–284.

Katchurin, V.; Bragin, A.; Erunov, B. 1971. Proektirovanie visyachikh i vantovykh mostov. Moskva: Transport. 280 s. (in Russian).

Kim, H. K.; Lee, M. J.; Chang, S. P. 2002. Non-linear Shape-Finding Analysis of a Self-Anchored Suspension Bridge, Engineering Structures 24(12): 1547–1559.

Kim, S. E.; Thai, H. T. 2010. Nonlinear Inelastic Dynamic Analysis of Suspension Bridges, Engineering Structures 32(12): 3845– 3856.

Kulbach, V. 2007. Cable Structures. Design and Analysis. Tallinn: Estonian Academy Publisher. 224 p.

Lewis, W. J. 2012. A Mathematical Model for Assessment of Material Requirements for Cable Supported Bridges: Implications for Conceptual Design, Engineering Structures 42: 266–277.

Moskalev, N. S., Popova, R. A. 2003. Stalnye konstruktsii legkikh zdaniy. Moskva: ACB. 216 p. (in Russian). ISBN 5930932026.

Nakamura, Sh.; Suzumura, K. 2009. Hydrogen Embrittlement and Corrosion Fatigue of Corroded Bridge Wires, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 65(2): 269−277.

Nevaril, A.; Kytyr, J. 2001. FEM Analysis of Bridge-Type Cable System, in Proc. of IABSE Conference Cable Supported Bridges – Challenging Technical Limits, 12–14 June 2001, Seoul, Korea. IABSE Reports 84: 154–155.

Prato, C. A.; Ceballos, M. A. 2003. Dynamic Bending Stresses Near the Ends of Parallel Bundle Stay Cables, Structural Engineering International 13(1): 42–46.

Ryall, M. J.; Parke, G. A. R.; Harding, J. E. 2000. Manual of Bridges Engineering. London: Tomas Telford Ltd. 1012 p. ISBN 0727727745.

Strasky, J. 2005. Stress-Ribbon and Supported Cable Pedestrian Bridges. London: Thomas Telford Ltd. 240 p. ISBN 072773282X.

Troyano, L. F. 2003. Bridge Engineering. A Global Perspective. London: Tomas Telford Ltd. 775 p. ISBN 0727732153.

Wang, H.; Li, A.; Li, J. 2002. Progressive Finite Element Model Calibration of a Long-Span Suspension Bridge Based on Ambient Vibration and Static Measurements, Engineering Structures 32(9): 2546–2556.

Wollman, G. P. 2001. Preliminary Analysis of Suspension Bridges, Journal of Bridge Engineering 6(4): 227–233.

Wyatt, T. A. 2004. Effect of Localised Loading on Suspension Bridges, in Proc. of the ICE ‒ Bridge Engineering 157(2): 55−63.

Xu, J.; Chen, W. 2013. Behavior of Wires in Parallel Wire Stayed Cable under General Corrosion Effects, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 85: 40−47.

Yanaka, Y.; Kitagawa, M. 2002. Maintenance of Steel Bridges on Honshu-Shikoku Crossing, Journal of Constructional Steel Research 58(1): 131–150.

Zhang, J.; Liu, A.; Ma, Z. J. 2013. Behavior of Self-Anchored Suspension Bridges in the Structural System Transformation, Journal of Bridge Engineering 18(8): 712–721.

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2015.34


1. Experimental and Analytical Investigation of Deformations and Stress Distribution in Steel Bands of a Two-Span Stress-Ribbon Pedestrian Bridge
G. Sandovic, A. Juozapaitis, V. Gribniak
Mathematical Problems in Engineering  vol: 2017  first page: 1  year: 2017  
doi: 10.1155/2017/9324520


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2015 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika