Design and Construction of Simple Beam Bridges for High-Speed Rails in China: Standardization and Industrialization

Gonglian Dai, Miao Su, Y. Frank Chen


High-speed rail provides a safe, efficient, and economic transportation system for regions with high population density such as eastern China. To accommodate the rapid development of high-speed rails in China, the bridges with standard spans have been identified as the main infrastructure type. This article provides a state-of-the-art review on the design and construction of the standard simply-supported beam (simple beam) bridges for high-speed rails in China. The structural components discussed include the main girder, deck, and substructure. The live load models, deformation limiting values, and construction methods for the bridges are also discussed. Additionally, the experimental tests were conducted to verify the static and dynamic performances of the structure. The main objective of this paper is to provide the latest design and construction experience of Chinese standard simple beam bridges in high-speed rail and show how a quick and quality engineering has been achieved by utilizing these standardized bridges.


construction; design; high-speed rail; simple beam bridge (SBB); standardization.

Full Text:



An, G. D. 2010. Study on Technical Standard for Precise Engineering Surveying of High-Speed Railways and Its Applications, Journal of the China Railway Society 32(2): 98–104 (in Chinese).

Cao, C. M.; Chen, J. J. 2012. Analysis on Service Quality, Passenger Satisfaction and Passenger Loyalty Relationship of High- Speed Railways, Journal of the China Railway Society 34(1): 1–6 (in Chinese).

Cai, C. X.; Hu, S. T.; Ke, Z. T.; Niu, B. 2015. Research on Key Parameters of Simply Supported Box Beam on Higher Speed Railway, Railway Standard Design 59 (11): 59–63 (in Chinese).

Dai, G. L.; Su, M.; Liu, W. Y.; Chen, Y. F. 2016. New Songhua River Bridge: A Continuous Girder, Tied Arch, Hybrid Bridge with Four Rail Tracks in Harbin, China, Structural Engineering International 26(3): 254–259.

Dai, G. L.; Su, M. 2016. Full-Scale Field Experimental Investigation on the Interfacial Shear Capacity of Continuous Slab Track Structure, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering 16(3): 485–493.

Dai, G. L.; Su, M.; Yan, B. 2014. Case Study of Twin Cable-Stayed Bridges for High-Speed Railway in China: Design, Analysis and Construction, Structural Engineering International 24(3): 396–401.

Dai, G. L.; Liu, W. S.; Li, L. Y. 2012. Study of the Live Load for Small- and Medium-Span Bridges of High-Speed Railways, China Civil Engineering Journal 10: 161–168 (in Chinese).

Dong, L.; Zhao, C. G.; Cai, D. G.; Zhang, Q. L.; Ye, Y. S. 2008. Experimental Validation of a Numerical Model for Prediction of the Dynamic Response of Ballastless Subgrade of High-Speed Railways, China Civil Engineering Journal 41(10): 81–86 (in Chinese).

Givoni, M. 2006. Development and Impact of the Modern High- Speed Train: A review, Transport Reviews 26(5): 593–611.

Hu, N.; Dai, G. L.; Yan, B.; Liu, K. 2014. Recent Development of Design and Construction of Medium and Long Span High- Speed Railway Bridges in China, Engineering Structures 74: 233–241.

Hu, S. T.; Niu, B.; Ke, Z. T.; Liu, X. G. 2013. Study on the Optimization of Standard Span Length Simply Supported Box Girder for High-Speed Railway, China Railway Science 34(1): 15–21 (in Chinese).

Jin, X. S. 2014. Key Problems Faced in High-Speed Train Operation, Journal of Zhejiang University-Science A 15(12): 936– 945.

Li, R. X.; Zhao, J.; Zhang, S.; Peng, Y. M. 2007. Influence of the Aerodynamic Force to Human Body Near High-Speed Trains, China Railway Science 28(5): 98–104 (in Chinese).

Liu, Y.; Dai, G. L.; Kang, C. J. 2015. Comprehensive Comments on Simply-Supported Girders of High-Speed Railway in China, Journal of Railway Science and Engineering 12(2): 242–249 (in Chinese).

Liu, P. H.; Yao, J. C.; Yin, J.; Dong, Z. S.; Meng, X.; Yang, Y. Q. 2013. Experimental Study on Dynamic Behavior of 200~250 km/h High-Speed Railway Bridges, China Civil Engineering Journal 46(3): 96–102 (in Chinese).

Liu, W. S.; Dai, G. L. 2011. Dongping Channel Bridge: Long-Span Steel Arch Bridge in High-Speed Railway, China, Structural Engineering International 21(4): 492–496.

Liu, W. S.; Dai, G. L.; Hu, N. 2010. Small and Medium Continuous Beams in High-Speed Railway of China, Journal of Railway Science and Engineering 7(2): 45–51 (in Chinese).

Papaelias, M. P.; Roberts, C.; Davis, C. L. 2008. A Review on Non- Destructive Evaluation of Rails: State-of-the-Art and Future Development, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part F – Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit 222(4): 367–384.

Raghunathan, R. S.; Kim, H. D.; Setoguchi, T. 2002. Aerodynamics of High-Speed Railway Train, Progress in Aerospace Sciences 38(6–7): 469–514.

Smith, R. A.; Zhou, J. 2014. Background of Recent Developments of Passenger Railways in China, the UK and other European Countries, Journal of Zhejiang University-Science A 15(12): 925–935.

Sun, S. L. 2011. Design and Practice of High Speed Railway Bridge. China Railway Press. 648 p. (in Chinese).

Sun, S. L. 2008. Bridge Engineering of Beijing-Shanghai High Speed Railway, in Proc. of 2008 China International High Speed Railway Bridge Technology Collection. China Railway Publishing House. 24 p. (in Chinese).

TTRS&DIGC (The Third Railway Survey and Design Institute Group Corporation). 2008 China International High-Speed Railway Bridge Technology Exchange Collection. China Railway Publishing House. 228 p. (in Chinese).

Tian, G. Y.; Gao, J. M.; Zhai, W. M. 2015. A method for Estimation of Track Irregularity Limits Using Track Irregularity Power Spectrum Density of High-Speed Railway, Journal of the China Railway Society 37(1): 83–90 (in Chinese).

Xin, X. Z.; Zhang, Y. L; Dai, F. Z. 2006. Live Load Representative Figure in Railway Design, China Railway Science 27(2): 31–36 (in Chinese).

Xu, Q. Y. 2011. Influence of Short-Wave Random Irregularity on the Dynamic Characteristics of Train-Slab Track-Bridge System, China Civil Engineering Journal 44(10): 132–137 (in Chinese).

Yan, B.; Dai, G. L.; Hu, N. 2015. Recent Development of Design and Construction of Short Span High-Speed Railway Bridges in China, Engineering Structures 100: 707–717.

Yang, D. G. 2014. Application Comparison of Segmental Assembly Construction Method of Prestressed Concrete Simply Supported Box Beam, Transportation and Technology 5: 38–40 (in Chinese).

Yang, Y. Q.; Yao, J. C.; Liu, P. H.; Ke, Z. T.; Dong, Z. S.; Wei, Y. H. 2008. Experimental Study on the Dynamic Behaviors of Ballstless Track Railway Bridge with Common Spans, China Railway Science 29(7): 47–52 (in Chinese).

Zhang, X.; Li, X. Z.; Liu, D. J.; Li, Y. D. 2012. Sound Radiation Characteristics of 32 m Simply Supported Concrete Box Girder Applied in High-Speed Railway, Journal of the China Railway Society 34(7): 96–102 (in Chinese).

Zhen, J. J. 2007. Pier Design of High-Speed Railway Standard Bridges, Railway Standard Design 2: 32–35 (in Chinese).

Zheng, P. F.; Dai, G. L.; Li, D. P. 2011. Study on Mechanical Properties of the Long Span Cable-Stayed Bridge with Three Main Trusses and Three Cable Planes, Advanced Materials Research 163–167: 511–519.

Zheng, J. 2008. High Speed Railway Bridges in China. China Higher Education Press. 18 p. (in Chinese).

Zhou, Y.; Ai, B. 2014. Handover Schemes and Algorithms of High-Speed Mobile Environment: a Survey, Computer Communications 47: 1–15.

Zhu, M.; Yang, Y. Q.; Chen, L.; Bai, Q. C.; He, T. G. 2010. Pier Design Research on Wuhan-Guangzhou High-Speed Railway, Railway Standard Design 1: 100–104 (in Chinese).

DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2016.32


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika