Estimating the Effects of Public Transport Priority Measures at Signal Controlled Intersections

Vytautas Dumbliauskas, Vytautas Grigonis, Jūratė Vitkienė

Abstract


Most of the Lithuanian cities try to achieve public transport priority by the provision of special dedicated public transport lanes. However, the possible priority measures at signalised intersections receive less attention. This paper explains common signal control strategies applied at isolated intersections in the cities around the world and estimated their effects on the travel times of both, public transport and general traffic. The analysis employs well recognised PTV VISSIM simulation environment and VisVAP graphical programming interface to implement and test priority measures under question. The results indicate that priority actions significantly reduce public transport delays up to 60%, without high adverse impact on general traffic delays.


Keywords:

public transport priority; PTV VISSIM; VisVAP; signal control strategies.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, B.; Hounsell, N.; Shrestha, B. 2016. Investigating Bus Priority Parameters for Isolated Vehicle Actuated Junctions, Transportation Planning and Technology 39(1): 45–58. https://doi.org/10.1080/03081060.2015.1108082

Ahmed, B. 2014. Exploring New Bus Priority Methods at Isolated Vehicle Actuated Junctions, Transportation Research Procedia 4: 391−406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2014.11.030

Cesme, B.; Furth, P. G. 2014. Self-Organizing Traffic Signals Using Secondary Extension and Dynamic Coordination, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 48: 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2014.08.006

Furth, P.; Muller, T. H. 2000. Conditional Bus Priority at Signalized Intersections: Better Service with Less Traffic Disruption, Transportation Research Record 173: 23–30. https://doi.org/10.3141/1731-04

Furth, P. G.; Cesme, B.; Rima, T. 2010. Signal Priority Near Major Bus Terminal: Case Study of Ruggles Station, Boston, Massachusetts, Transportation Research Record 2192: 89–96. https://doi.org/10.3141/2192-08

Gardner, K.; D’Souza, C.; Hounsell, N.; Shrestha, B.; Bretherton, D. 2009. Review of Bus Priority at Traffic Signals Around the World, UITP Working Group Technical Report.

Ghods, A. H.; Fu, L. 2014. Real-Time Estimation of Turning Movement Counts at Signalized Intersections Using Signal Phase Information, Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies 47: 128–138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trc.2014.06.010

Guler, S. I.; Menendez M. 2014. Analytical Formulation and Empirical Evaluation of pre-Signals for Bus Priority, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological 64: 41–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trb.2014.03.004

Hamilton, A.; Waterson, B.; Cherrett, T.; Robinson, A.; Snell, I. 2013. The Evolution of Urban Traffic Control: Changing Policy and Technology, Transportation Planning and Technology 36(1): 24–43. https://doi.org/10.1080/03081060.2012.745318

Koukol, M.; Pribyl, O. 2013. Design Methodology of a Fuzzy Control System in PTV VISSIM, Transactions on Transport Sciences Warsaw 6(4): 177–184. https://doi.org/10.2478/v10158-012-0045-9

McLeod, F. 1998. Headway-Based Selective Priority to Buses, in Proc. of the 3rd IMA Conference on Mathematics in Transport Planning and Control, 1–3 April 1988, Cardiff, Vales, the United Kingdom. 69–78. Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/9780585474182-007

Nordfjærn, T.; Şimşekoğlu, Ö.; Lind, H. B.; Jørgensen, S. H.; Rundmo, T. 2014. Transport Priorities, Risk Perception and Worry Associated with Mode Use and Preferences among Norwegian Commuters, Accident Analysis and Prevention 72: 391–400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2014.07.028

Pascale, A.; Nicoli, M.; Deflorio, F.; Dalla Chiara, B.; Spagnolini, U. 2012. Wireless Sensor Networks for Traffic Management and Road Safety, IET Intelligent Transport Systems 6(1): 67–77. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-its.2010.0129




DOI: 10.3846/bjrbe.2017.23

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU) Press Technika