Mixture Strength Class and Slab Dimensions’ Effect on The Precast Concrete Pavement Structural Performance

Audrius Vaitkus, Rita Kleizienė, Viktoras Vorobjovas, Donatas Čygas

Abstract


Mechanical properties and slab dimensions of concrete are the major parameters based on which the performance of concrete pavement structures is predicted. Precast concrete pavement, as one of the most common modular pavement type, is the advanced next-generation technology characterised as high quality, durable, quickly built and easily maintained. The service conditions of precast concrete pavement (traffic loading and environmental effects) are similar to the conventional cast-in-place jointed plain concrete pavement. Thus, the precast concrete pavement structural design is similar to that of jointed plain concrete pavement. There are several concepts for the design of concrete pavement structure. However, they are based on different distress evaluation and critical stresses estimation methods assuming the slab dimensions that for jointed plain concrete pavement are within the wide joint spacing range from 3.5−6.0 m. The objective of this paper is to analytically evaluate the effect of concrete mixture mechanical properties on the thickness and dimensions of precast concrete pavement slab. Also, define the minimal thickness of precast concrete slab dependent on slab dimensions and concrete mixture mechanical properties elastic modulus and tensile splitting strength. The analysis is based on bearing capacity, performance and fatigue boundary conditions as reported by semi-probabilistic pavement design method Richtlinien für die rechnerische Dimensionierung von Betondecken im Oberbau von Verkehrsflächen RDO Beton 09. Considering that, concrete mixture has significant effects on pavement performance; the composition of concrete was also discussed in this paper.  The optimal slab dimensions, concrete layer thickness, and base layer type is suggested in this paper. The outcomes of this analysis apply to the production of precast concrete pavement slabs.

Keywords:

concrete mixture design; concrete slab; modular pavement; pavement design; precast concrete pavement (PCP)

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DOI: 10.7250/bjrbe.2019-14.452

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