Dependence of the Recycled Asphalt Mixture Physical and Mechanical Properties on the Grade and Amount of Rejuvenating Bitumen


  • Donatas Čygas Dept of Roads, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio al. 11, 10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Darjušas Mučinis Dept of Roads, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio al. 11, 10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Henrikas Sivilevičius Dept of Transportation Technological Equipment, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Plytinės g. 27, 10105 Vilnius, Lithuania
  • Nemunas Abukauskas Dept of Roads, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Saulėtekio al. 11, 10223 Vilnius, Lithuania



reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP), recycling, bitumen, aging, hot mix asphalt (HMA), rejuvenating, properties, Marshall testing, film interaction, diffusion


Due to destructive factors (traffic loads, climatic and weather conditions, improper exploitation materials), bitumen properties irreversibly change in unservicable asphalt concrete. Due to irreversible processes of oxidation the aged bitumen stiffens, its physiochemical properties, ductility, adhesion and cohesion as well as sectional composition (relative amounts of asphaltenes, oils and resins) change. Bitumen in the reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) may be restored to properties approximate to those of the virgin bitumen by adding the following rejuvenators: softening or rejuvenating agents as well as soft bitumen. The article presents the experimental data on RAP obtained from laboratory tests conducted with Marshall specimens without additives when RAP was supplemented by different types of virgin road bitumen, the paving grade of which was 50/70, 70/100, 100/150, 160/220, respectively. The content of newly added binder of all types to RAP was 0.5%, 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, and 50/70 in addition and 4.0% and 6.0% of RAP mass. The total bitumen content increased by the same percentage amount in the reclaimed asphalt, which was not always optimal. Marshall specimens were formed with these bitumen contents, the tests of which enabled to identify stability (S), flow (F), Marshall quotient (S/F), air voids content (Vm), bulk density (SDD – ρb SD) of asphalt concrete samples and the maximum density of asphalt. Having extracted all RAP and reclaimed asphalt samples according to the differential method, the factual content of soluble binder in them and its penetration, softening point, Fraass breaking point, ductility and penetration index Ip were calculated. The dependences of the reclaimed asphalt physical and mechanical parameters on the virgin rejuvenating bitumen grade and its added percentage amount were obtained. Data analysis and their generalization was conducted.


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How to Cite

Čygas, D., Mučinis, D., Sivilevičius, H., & Abukauskas, N. (2011). Dependence of the Recycled Asphalt Mixture Physical and Mechanical Properties on the Grade and Amount of Rejuvenating Bitumen. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering, 6(2), 124-134.