Application of the Ultrasonic Method in Evaluation of Properties of Stabilized Mixes


  • Sanja Dimter Dept of Civil Engineering, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Drinska 16a, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
  • Tatjana Rukavina Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Zagreb, Kačićeva 26, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
  • Ivana Barišić Dept of Civil Engineering, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Drinska 16a, 31000 Osijek, Croatia



properties, fly ash stabilized mixes, density, compressive strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity, regression models


Application of nondestructive methods in assessing the properties of materials and mixes is very popular because of their simplicity and noninvasive nature. The ultrasonic method is, as one of nondestructive methods, used for more than 60 years in determining the properties of concrete mixes. However, only recently it has been applied application in studies of the stabilization mixes intended for road construction. The ultrasonic method is based on measurement of the travel time of longitudinal ultrasonic waves through the sample. In this paper, the investigation of stabilized mixes containing sand from river Drava stabilized with cement and fly ash are presented. The aim of the research was to determine the impact of changes in the composition of mixes and in the regime of care on the density, compressive strength and ultrasonic velocity. An additional goal was to analyze the relationship between the investigated properties of mixes and the ultrasonic velocity. The compressive strength of the stabilized mixture is determined by the destructive method according to Croatian Standards HRN.U.B1.030 Unconfined Compressive Strength as the average stress in a sample during uniaxial compression testing at the ultimate force. Testing of density and compressive strength of mixes and determination of the ultrasonic speed has been performed after 7, 28 and 90 days of curing at four different temperatures: 5 °C, 15 °C, 25 °C and 35 °C. The obtained results indicated the direct influence of fly ash quantity on the observed properties. Increase in the amount of fly ash caused a decrease in the mixture compressive strength, its density and ultrasonic velocity. A significant influence of treatment temperature on the compressive strength, density and ultrasonic velocity was also observed. Finally, correlation between density and ultrasonic velocity, as well as compressive strength and ultrasonic velocity was established. Exponential relationship between the compressive strength of stabilized mixes and ultrasonic velocity proved to be very strong, and similar to those obtained in previous studies by other researchers. Test results showed that the ultrasonic method can be useful in assessing properties of stabilized mixes.


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How to Cite

Dimter, S., Rukavina, T., & Barišić, I. (2011). Application of the Ultrasonic Method in Evaluation of Properties of Stabilized Mixes. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering, 6(3), 177-184.