Vertical Dynamic Loads on Footbridges Generated by People Running




dynamic load, footbridge vibration, ground reaction forces, jogging, running, structural vibration assessment, vibration serviceability limit state


This paper concerns the issue of the dynamic impact of people running on footbridges with particular with attention to various footstrike patterns occurring during the running (i.e. heel strike pattern and forefoot strike pattern). The results of a series of laboratory tests of vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) measurements generated by running people are presented along with the characteristics of the VGRF curves. Based on the results of the tests, a new proposal for a dynamic load model generated by people classified as heel strike runners has been developed, and corrections of the input parameters of two load models proposed by other authors have been performed. Moreover, the VGRF modelling technique using the Gaussian functions is presented along with a set of equations describing the variability of the Gaussian function parameters as a function of the frequency of running. The presented methods of the VGRF modelling allow increasing the accuracy of determining the VGRF values and, consequently, increasing the accuracy of dynamic analyses of footbridges subjected to dynamic loads generated by people running.


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How to Cite

Pańtak, M. (2020). Vertical Dynamic Loads on Footbridges Generated by People Running. The Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering, 15(1), 47-75.